Used to or Used to?

Compare these two sentences.  What do they mean?


Image result for city life noisyImage result for country life

        I´m used to living in the city                                              I used to live in the city. 

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I am used to living in the city.   =  I am accustomed to the noise, the crowds, etc.

to be + used to + something = something isn´t new or strange for me

I used to live in the city = I no longer live in the city, and have moved away. 

used to + to do something = I did something regularly in the past, but not now


Now  do the following Oxford University quiz- practicing  the correct form of used to:



LIKE or AS???

What is the difference between these two sentences?

1. As your teacher, I advise you to always do your homework!
2. Like your teacher, I advise you to always do your homework!


Resultado de imagen de like or as

The prepositions as and like have different meanings.

As + noun means ‘in the role of’

like + noun means ‘similar to’ or ‘in the same way as’.


As your teacher, I advise you to always do your homework!

The speaker is the listener´s teacher.


Like your teacher, I advise you to always do your homework!

The speaker is not the teacher, but wants to act in the same way as a teacher.


Now practice writing sentences on your own, using like and as.  Please send them to me in the comments for review!


FCE/CAE ADVANCED LISTENING PRACTICE: ¨A nation without borders is not a nation¨.

Question:  What makes a country?  

Answer:  The people, the food, the customs, the weather, the culture, the history….

Okay….but who said ¨A nation without borders is not a nation¨ ?

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That´s right!  You´ve guessed it…President Trump.  As you may have already heard, President Trump has planned to fulfill his campaign promise, and will be indeed  building that wall.  Hence, I have put together an advanced listening practice about the infamous wall from National Public Radio in the U.S.A. This is a totally authentic news source, and is a great task for advanced students preparing for the FCE and CAE exams. 


  1. Read the questions first, and look up any words you don´t know OR try to guess the meanings of the words from the context.
  2. From the questions, decide which kinds of words you will be listening for.  Is it a place, a time, a person…?
  3. Make notes as you listen.
  4. Use the first listening to answer the questions, and your second listening to check them.
  5. Never assume!  Make sure there is evidence in the listening to support your answer!

OKAY! Now we are ready to begin!  Read the questions first, then LISTEN!


  1. How many new border patrol agents will there be?
  2. Immigration officers?
  3. What program does Trump want to bring back?
  4.  What does this program do?
  5. What funds will be cut off by Trump?
  6. What is the estimate of how much the wall is going to cost?
  7. Who is going to pay for it initially?
  8. When does Trump want the building to start?
  9. Who will ultimately pay for the wall?
  10. When is the Mexican president going to meet with Trump?



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  1. 5,000
  2. 10,000
  3. Secure Communities
  4. It deputises* local law enforcement to help find immigrants entering the U.S. illegally.
  5. Sanctuary cities that harbour illegal immigrants.
  6. 15 billion dollars
  7.  The U.S. Treasury
  8. Within a few months
  9. Mexico
  10. Next week

*to deputise someone means to appoint them as a substitute for something

e.g. The administration made a formal request to the Attorney General’s Office to deputize an agency lawyer to handle all animal rights cases.



The past simple in English takes two forms:  regular and irregular
Regular verbs take -ed endings:   play-played, show-showed, live-lived
Irregular verbs take different endings, here are some common ones: give gave, take took, be was
1. played
2. visited
3. did
4. did, buy
5. were

Friendship Phrasal Verbs Lesson

Meet Amy.  Amy is shy and lonely.  

Here you can find a fun and original lesson for learning and teaching phrasal verbs for friendships.

Please click below to get started and see what happens to Amy!

CLICK HERE ➡️ Friendship Phrasal Verbs!

CLICK HERE ➡️  Friendship Phrasal Verbs!






Phrasal Verb Answers!


1. F

come across= to find

While hiking in the mountains, we came across a small restaurant, and decided to have lunch.




2.  E

bring up= to raise ( a child)

I was brought up by my sisters, because my parents died when I was young. 


3. B

look after= take care of

The neighbors are looking after the cat while they´re away on holiday. 


4. A

come up to= approach

Madrid is full of people coming up to you on the street to ask for donations to charity.  


5. C

keep up= go at the same speed/maintain

Because my brother kept his grades up, he is allowed to play his video games on school nights. 


6. D

take away= remove

If you take away his pessimism, he isn´t so bad a friend. 


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Make or Do?
Which activities use ´make´? ´do´?

1. ______ the laundry
2. _______ a phone call
3. ______ work
4. _______ an assumption
5. _______ the dishes

See below for answers!



1. do the laundry  

I do the laundry on my days off.  

(we use the present simple ´do´ for routines.)



2. make a phone call

I used to make phone calls from our home phone.  

´used to´ describes something that was a habit in the past

descarga-6 work

I´m sorry, I can´t  join you for dinner.  I´ve got too much work to do.  

 We do work at our job or for school or in the house, but if you make work for somebody, you create work for them.

e.g. My co-worker is always making work for me; he never does what he should.


4.  make an assumption

I quickly realized I had made a false assumption when I saw he was telling the truth. 

The past perfect is used (had+past participle) with the past simple to describe a sequence of events in the past.

descarga-7 the dishes

As a child, I hated doing the dishes!

Who doesn´t hate doing the dishes? **But if you make dishes, you are creating them ( from ceramics, glass etc.)



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