Phonics: the long and short e

Welcome to the next part of our phonics series. Today we are going to look at the long and short “e” sounds. (part one is here)

The short “e” sound has the same phonemic symbol e. It is a short sound used in many words. Some examples are below. The important lesson, if an e is between 2 consonants, it usually has the same sound.

academiadeinglesmadridphonicse

The sound sound we are looking at is the long “e” sound, iː. It can be written using a variety of letter combinations.

ee,

academiadeinglesmadridphonicsee

ea,

academiadeinglesmadridphonicsea

or ie

academiadeinglesmadridphonicsie

but all of these letter combination often create the same sound.

One more important point, there is a shorter “long e” that is NOT included in the phonemic chart! It is a similar to but only appears at the end of words with more than one syllable. The phonemic symbol is i. Usually it is spelled with either y or ey. Here are some examples.

academiadeinglesmadridphonicsey

English can be inconsistent with its spelling so although you can never be 100% sure, these letter blends will help you guess how to pronounce and new word when you see it. And remember, you can always use a dictionary and the phonemic chart to check pronunciation of any word.

Phonemic-Chart

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